The Newest ART Fad

How Assisted Reproductive Technology Has Improved Over the Past 50 Years

07/5/15 1:53 PM

Image by: Brendan Dolan-Gavitt | Flickr.com

With the unfolding of every century, modernity brings perpetual leaps of progress in the various fields connected with technology. Constant research, invention, and development of new scientific and medical applications inevitably find their ways into many aspects of everyday life. This process has sped up enormously in the last fifty years leading to scientific and technological breakthroughs on astonishingly frequent bases.

An IVF Benchmark

One of the avenues in which these advances have been particularly strong is in assisted reproductive technology, or ART. In fact, specialists from the International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technologies estimated that 5 million children have been born as a result of in vitro fertilization, known in the medical world as IVF. The process involves extracting the egg (or ovum) from the uterus and permitting the sperm to fertilize it externally. When the woman’s body is observed to be ready, the inseminated egg is re-implanted and allowed to develop into an embryo. The announcement regarding the procedure’s immense success was made in Istanbul at a meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, the twenty-eighth such meeting since the organization was founded in 1985.

The announcement has thrown our scientific headway as a society into sharp relief. The first baby to be created in a test tube was born in England in 1978, and only thirty-four years later, there are already 5 million more. The impact of ART has resounded all over the world. According to data from the ICMART, 1.5 million cycles are implemented in various countries each year to combat infertility. Particularly in Japan, the United States, and various parts of Europe, assistive methods for conception are growing even more popular by the year and being employed more often.

An Astonishing Success

Now an accepted part of mainstream medical practice, it certainly cannot be argued that IVF and other procedures of assisted reproductive technology are not effective. In fact, in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (another form of ART in which an individual sperm is inserted directly into an egg) have both evened out their success rates since the last study in 2008 – now yielding positive pregnancy results in about 32% of the transferred embryos. As a result, IVF and ICSI have become the leading methods of tackling instances of infertility, which affect up to 28% of couples worldwide.

The success and widespread popularity of both IVF and ICSI continue to grow. For those who cannot get pregnant by traditional methods, the developments in ART offer rays of hope among otherwise gloomy prospects. Thanks to science, even those nature doesn’t handpick to have children can now join the ranks of parenthood, and that is quite a feat. For further inquiries about IVF, ICSI, and other issues related to infertility and pregnancy, consult Gynecologists.com and find expert practitioners anywhere in the country.

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